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All you need to know about Rice Milling

All you need to know about Rice Milling 

Rice is one of the staple & widely produced crop of India. It is consumed by a majority of Indian population in their daily meal. Rice is produced in major quantity in India & rice milling is the oldest and largest agro industries of India with an annual turnover of Rs. 25,000 crore. The rice milling process is highly extensive & technical and it involves three basic stages – Husking, Whitening & Polishing.

Process of Rice Milling :

  • Pre-Cleaning

Cleaning is the initial process of rice milling & is given utmost importance as it involves removal of impurities & unfilled grains. Rough rice grains are passed through a series of filters and circuit aspiration system is provided to remove dust and impurities through air suction.

  • De-Stoning

Undesirable material that are heavier than rice are removed through de-stoning. This process is also known as gravity separator as it works on a gravity principle wherein the heavy impure objects stay on the surface & rough rice fluidizes into the positive air slope created by external force.

  • Husking

This process involves removing husk from the paddy by streamlining the paddy directing into a pair of rubber rolls, rotating at different speed but in opposite direction.

  • Husk Aspiration

This process involves separation of husk from unhusked or brown rice. The smooth texture surface of rice is used to separate it from brown rice.

  • Polishing/Whitening

This process is done on brown rice by rubbing it on the rough surface which is created using emery stones of particular grid size. In this process, the bran layer is removed from the rice to improve its appearance. Even after whitening is done, the surface of the rice is still rough & is smoothened by a humidified rice polisher.

  • Grading & Coloring

After whitening & polishing, few rice particles remain broken and are removed in the grading process. After this is completed, coloring process is done on the rice grain. In this process, discolored rice grains are removed off using rice color sorting machine and is the last step involved in the processing.

Milling process on rice is done using different type of advance machineries & there is a unique machinery made for every process.

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 21/10/2018  Ajinkya Sakhare

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