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Rice Facts

Rice Facts

Rice is one of the largest cultivated grain in the world, followed by wheat and maize. In a study carried out in 2009, it was seen that the entire population cultivation of rice was 74%, wheat 63% and maize 16%, which also claims that the human population consumes 42% calories that consist of rice only.

More than half of the world population - 3.5 billion dependent on rice as a staple food option. This population majorly resides in the Asian continent and now has also been seen in the African continent and Latin America due to growing demand.

Rice being a major staple of the world, there are many facts and factors that are still unknown about this commonly consumed foodstuff. Let’s explore some uncommon and surprising facts about rice.

  • Rice has its origins in China.
  • Rice has been consumed and cultivated for more than 4000 years in Asia.
  • Rice belongs to a Family Poaceae, which consists of varieties of grass such as bamboo, barley, buffalo grass, etc.
  • There are as many as 40,000 known varieties of rice, out of which, all are edible and it is suspected that there are many varieties still unknown.
  • Rice is cultivated across the globe in all the continents except for Antarctica.
  • Rice is available in different colours such as white, brown, yellow, red, gold and blue.
  • Rice is differentiated on the basis of grain size, colour and shape.
  • Almost 90% of worl’s rice is cultivated in Asia.
  • Most rice is consumed in Burma - 500 pounds of rice per person each year. Americans consume 20 pounds of rice per person per year.
  • Sticky rice found in Japan, has the highest amount of starch content.
  • Depending on the culture, rice can be consumed with fork (western societies), chopsticks (China, Korea and Japan) or with hands (India).
  • The seed of rice is an edible part of the plant that is widely used in the human diet.
  • Rice is cheaper than the rest than the other grains and also referred to as poor man's staple.
  • When cooked, rice swells three times bigger than the original size.
  • Rice is used in a variety of dishes in Asia from savoury main course to sweet desserts.
  • Rice is a rich source of sugars, proteins and vitamin B.
  • Rice is also available gluten-free and hence is a great option for people with Celiac disease.
  • Rice is also used in the making of alcoholic beverages such as rice wine and sake.
  • Rice is not just used as an edible object but also as native jewellery in many parts of Asia. Also, you can get your name or anything tattooed on the rice grain.



 13/04/2019  priyanka

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